History Primary Source document
History Primary Source document
The website for the reading: https://www.americanyawp.com/reader/the-new-world/bartolome-de-las-casas-describes-the-exploitation-of-indigenous-peoples-1542/ layout of discussion post: Write a 3-paragraph post that shows you understand how to evaluate a primary source document. The first paragraph will discuss what makes a document a primary source vs. a secondary or tertiary source. You should rely on your reading of the article, Reading Primary Sources.pdf. While direct quotes or citations are NOT needed for this discussion, you do need to provide references to this document to support your argument(s). The second paragraph will discuss whether or not you consider your assigned document a primary source based on the qualifications you lay out in your first paragraph. Provide specific evidence from your document to support your assertions. The third paragraph will discuss the perspective of the author of your assigned document, the content of the document, what this content is useful for, and what the limitations of the content from the document are. Your discussion post should be at least 3 paragraphs of 5-6 sentences each.
History: Primary Source Document
A primary source is an original document of first-hand recollection of an event created as the event occurs or by a person directly involved in the event. A primary source provides first-hand observation or immediate evidence of events which can take the form of diaries, pictures, records, or letters (Chassanoff 470). On the other hand, secondary sources interpret or analyze primary sources. Moreover, secondary sources are prepared after an event often by individuals not directly involved with the events. Examples of secondary sources are books and commentaries. Finally, tertiary sources give a compilation of data from primary and secondary sources, for example, encyclopedias. Overall, primary sources give a direct link to events, secondary sources analyze the first-hand account offered by primary sources, and tertiary sources consolidate information from primary and secondary sources.
The source Bartolomé de Las Casas Describes the Exploitation of Indigenous People, 1542 is a primary source. The article features a first-hand record by Bartolomé de Las Casas explaining the oppressions suffered by indigenous people in 1542. In the fourth paragraph, Bartolomé states, “The remaining gleanings might be gathered up, there were only found Eleven Persons, which I saw with my own Eyes” (Las Casas). The fact that Bartolomé saw what he accounts shows that he was a direct witness to the indigenous people’s exploitation. Therefore, Bartolomé’s account amounts to a primary source.
Bartolomé embraces a condemnatory perspective when describing the exploitation of indigenous people in the article. The article’s content surrounds the exploitation of indigenous people in 1542. Therefore, the document is useful in understanding the historical perspective and a direct account of the oppressions experienced in 1542 by indigenous people. One limitation of the content of the article is that it is deficient in alternative perspectives or counterarguments to assertions made.
Chassanoff, Alexandra. “Historians and the use of primary source materials in the digital age.” The American Archivist vol. 76, no. 2, 2013, pp. 458-480.
Las Casas, Bartolomé de. “Bartolomé de Las Casas Describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542.” American Yawp, Stanford University Press, 2013, www.americanyawp.com/reader/the-new-world/bartolome-de-las-casas-describes-the-exploitation-of-indigenous-peoples-1542/.
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